DISCOVERER OF THE MOTHER OF WHEAT
9 plates of photographs, index, 64 pp. 8vo, original printed wrapper, owners stamp on front wrapper "E. HEGH Ingenieur Agricole...",
Aaron Aaronsohn [1876–1919], botanist and geneticist, was born in Bacau, Rumania, and emigrated to Palestine with his father in 1882. He was sent to France by the Baron Edmond de Rothschild, where he studied at the National School of Agriculture in Grignon and then was put in charge of farms in Palestine and Anatolia. In 1906, Aaronsohn found emmer (Triticum dicoccon), a wild wheat believed to be the ancestorof cultivated wheats. He was invited by the USDA to advise the Bureau of Plant Industry on introducing plants growing in Syria and Palestine to the arid western states. He arrived in Washington not speaking English but was soon able to address meetings. In 1910, he founded the American Agricultural Experiment Station near Haifa in Palestine, where he kept his collection of books and plant samples. David Fairchild (1919) noted this single publication for the USDA by Aaronsohn, "formed the basis of the work which, had the war not interrupted the exchange in plants, would have resulted in the introduction into this country of hundreds of new species and varieties of plants". During the First World War, he set up the Nili ring, a secret network of Jewish activists, which provided information useful for the British advance in Palestine. He contributed to the Peace Conference of Versailles in 1919, and was killed in aplane crash while flying from London to Paris. See, Huntia A Journal of Botanical History Vol. 14.
Stock ref: 14724