NAVAL SURGEON AT THE BATTLE OF DOGGER BANK
1. Rust seated ¾ length 21 x 17½ ins. relined,19th c. label on verso "Pieter Rust op oudere leeftijd Chirurgijn Major", old frame, 2 Rust, head and shoulders in an oval, 22½ x 18 ins. relined, restorers label dated 1966 stating "Hij was chirurgijn bij de slag bij de Doggerbank", 3 Judith Rust, companion portrait, head and shoulders, 22½ x 18 ins. signed in the margin by the artist H. van Waagerde, relined, restorers label dated 1966, 4 David Rust, head and shoulders, 13 x 10½ ins. relined, restorers label dated 1967, old frame, 5. Anthoni Robert Rust 13 x 10½ ins. relined, restorers label dated 1967, old frame,
The records held in the Rotterdam City Archive show that Pieter Rust was born in 1745 at Scherpenzeel in 1745 and his Wife Maria Judith Laporte at Voorburg in 1752. They married in 1780, and their two sons, Antoni Robert and David Rust, were born in 1786 and 1788. In the early years of their marriage Pieter was away in service with the Navy. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle that took place on 5 August 1781 during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, contemporaneously related to the American Revolutionary War, in the North Sea. It was a bloody encounter between a British squadron under Vice Admiral Sir Hyde Parker and a Dutch squadron under Vice Admiral Johan Zoutman, both of which were escorting convoys. In December 1780, Great Britain declared war on the Dutch Republic, drawing it militarily into the American War of Independence. The Dutch had for several years been supplying the Americans and shipping French supplies to the Americans, in support of the American war effort, the reason behind the British declaration of war. The opening of hostilities with the Dutch meant that Britain's trade with countries on the Baltic Sea—where key supplies of lumber for naval construction were purchased—was potentially at risk, and that the British had to increase protection of their shipping in the North Sea. In order to accomplish this, the British began blockading the Dutch coast to monitor and intercept any significant attempts to send shipping into or out of Dutch ports, and began to protect merchant shipping convoys with armed vessels. Casualties on both sides were high, considering the number of ships involved. The British reported their losses at 104 killed and 339 wounded, while the Dutch reported their losses at 142 killed and 403 wounded. Both sides claimed victory, although it was a tactical draw given that no ships were lost on either side (with the exception of the Holland) and both convoys escaped. However strategically the battle was a British victory as the Dutch fleet retreated to Texel.
Stock ref: 14434