KING OF HANOVER'S COPY
woodcut allegorical title of the Garden of Eden by A. Switzer, woodcut portrait of Parkinson, 110 full-page and three small woodcut text illustrations, woodcut initials, head- and tailpieces. the title with some chipping to the blank margins, small tears to two final leaves, some toning. folio, contemporary speckled calf boards, neatly resewn onto kid 'cords' and expertly rebacked, neat repairs to corners, some contemporary marginal notes pp.463-472 & 53 -540, and a recipe for "Gooseberry Vinegar" dated 1740, on the front blank, ink library stamp of Ernest Augustus I, King of Hanover (1771-1851) to verso of dedication leaf,
This First Edition is described in Henrey as "the earliest important treatise on horticulture published in England". The woodcut title-page is signed in the block by A. Switzer, a German artist living in England. He is almost certainly responsible for the fine woodcut text illustrations depicting over 750 varieties of plants (including fifty varieties of anemones and over 150 different tulips). "Though it makes little appeal to the scientific botanist, it does give a very complete picture of the English garden at the beginning of the seventeenth century and in such a delightful ... style that gardeners cherish it even to the present day" (Hunt). It includes plants from the New World, the Virginia Bay Cherry, the Virginian Climber, the Virginia Mulberry, Potato's of Virginia and Canada, the Tree Primrose of Virginia, Virginia Silke, the Virginia Sumach, and many others from Asia and the near east. Ernest Augustus, who was the fifth son of King George III of Great Britain, succeeded his father as the King of Hanover. His relationship with his niece, Queen Victoria, was not always tranquil. Before the birth of Victoria, he was the only one of George III's sons who was happily married. In 1817, after the death of Princess Charlotte the king's granddaughter, Ernest had the prospect of succeeding to the British Throne. His older and unmarried brothers quickly married and the Duke of Kent fathered Victoria. Before she succeeded to the British throne, it was rumoured that Ernest intended to murder her and take the throne himself. STC 19300; ESTC S115360; Cleveland 179; Henrey 282; Hunt 215; Mellon Oak Spring Flora 40; Nissen BBI 1489.
Stock ref: 14044