JOHN COMPANY IN 1813
Report 1-166 pp. Appendix 167-1002 pp. [with] Second Edition Glossary to the Fifth Report From the East India Company... i +50 pp,
The Glossary by Charles Wilkins, was an early attempt to demystify the myriad of Anglo Indian terms used in the Report. In the Preface he states "The numerous Oriental Terms used in the Fifth Report and its Appendix have adopted from most of the languages current throughout India: - from Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit, Hindostany, Bengaly, Telinga, Tamul, Canara and Malabar; and a few Turkish and Malay words...".
It was issued separately from the Fifth Report and was very quickly sold out. This is the second edition dated 1830. Yule and Burnell note this in their "Hobson Jobson" of 1886, as the edition they used. This Report led to the Charter Act of 1813, when the East India Company was ordered to let Missionaries preach to the masses in India. In the 18th century, it was the Christian missionaries from whom the Indian masses basically received religious education pertaining to Christianity. But when the East India Company came to India they did not allow the missionaries for the propagation of the religious education to the common people in India. Because they felt that the education from the missionaries would encourage the religious sentiments among the people in India that could affect the business policy and the diplomatic role of the East India Company. Therefore, from 1793 to 1813 the company did not permit the missionaries to work for the Indian people. Thus, it created an agitation against the East India Company that the Company was opposed to the teachings of Christ and neglected to provide education for the Indians. Interestingly, the agitation was supported by many in England and ultimately made a conclusion by introducing an education clause in what is known as Charter Act of 1813. Hence, this Act ultimately made a State system of Education in India. This act also asserted the sovereignty of the British Crown over all the Indian Territories owned by the Company. It further deprived the Company of its Indian Trade Monopolies, except for Tea and Trade with China. The East India Company traded mainly in cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea and opium. It was granted a Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth in 1600, making it the oldest among several similarly formed European East India Companies. Shares of the company were owned by wealthy merchants and aristocrats. The government owned no shares and had only indirect control. The Company eventually came to rule large areas of India with its own private armies, exercising military power and assuming administrative functions. Company rule in India effectively began in 1757 after the Battle of Plassey and lasted until 1858 when, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown assuming direct control of India in the era of the new British Raj. It had been the aggressive policies of Lord Wellesley and the Marquis of Hastings that led to the Company gaining control of all India, excepting the Punjab and Sindh, and the kingdom of Nepal. The Indian Princes had become vassals of the Company. But the expense of wars leading to the total control of India strained the Company's finances. The Company was forced to petition Parliament for assistance. This massive Report gives the background of the Charter Act of 1813.
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